Quick gain control of light amplifier

Application Number: 00124286
Application Date: 2000.08.23
Publication Number: 1286413
Publication Date: 2001.03.07
Priority Information: 1999/8/25 US 09/382,853
International: G02F1/39
Applicant(s) Name: Lucent Technologies Inc.
Inventor(s) Name: M.R. Folner;G.H. Hanzic;P. Tezeiman
Patent Agency Code: 11038
Patent Agent: jiang shixun
Abstract In an optically amplified wavelength division multiplexed (WDM) system having a WDM signal comprising a plurality of optical channels, the per-channel gain of the optical channels is kept relatively constant despite changes in input power at the optical amplifier, such as when individual optical channels of the WDM signal are added and dropped. More specifically, gain of an optical amplifier is controlled by controlling the amount of pump power supplied to the optical amplifier as a function of changes in input power which are measured in a feed-forward monitoring path. The amount of pump power for effecting gain control is adjusted according to a scaled relationship to the measured input power of the optical amplifier. By controlling the pump power directly in response to changes in input power, gain of the optical amplifier can be controlled within a sub-microsecond time scale from the time that a change in input power is detected.